• Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine has been used to treat animals in China for thousands of years. Until now, the majority of the literature on Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine has been written in Chinese. Xie's Veterinary Acupuncture serves as a comprehensive and accessible reference on the basic principles, techniques and clinical application of veterinary acupuncture. Written by a world renowned authority on veterinary acupuncture and a panel of experts, the book incorporates a traditional Chinese approach to veterinary acupuncture, including ancient and newly developed acupuncture techniques for both small and large animals. With the growing interest in veterinary acupuncture worldwide, this ground-breaking and authoritative text is a timely resource for practitioners and students alike.

  • Contributors ix

    Preface xi

    1 Introduction to Meridians 3
    Huisheng Xie and Vanessa Preast

    The Jing-Luo System 3

    A. Discovery of the Jing-Luo System 3

    B. The 12 Regular Channels 5

    C. The 8 Extraordinary Channels (Qi-Jing-Ba-Mai) 6

    D. The 14 Regular Channels 7

    E. The 15 Collaterals 9

    F. The 12 Divergent Meridians (Shi-Er-Jing-Bie) 10

    G. The 12 Muscle Regions (Shi-Er-Jing-Jin) 10

    H. The 12 Cutaneous Regions 10

    Root, Basis, Manifestation, and Branch of Meridians 10

    A. The Basis (Ben) and Manifestation (Biao) 10

    B. The Root (Gen) and Branch (Jie) 10

    Qi Streets and Four Seas of the Meridians 11

    A. The Qi Streets (Qi-Jie) 11

    B. Four Seas (Si-Hai) 11

    Functions of the Jing-Luo 11

    A. Physiological Aspects 11

    B. Pathological Aspects 12

    C. Therapeutic Aspects 12

    2 Introduction to Acupuncture Points 13
    Huisheng Xie and Vanessa Preast

    Nomenclature of Acupoints 13

    A. Traditional Nomenclature System 13

    B. Western Nomenclature System 13

    Classification of Acupoints 14

    Therapeutic Effects of Acupoints 15

    A. General Therapeutic Effects 15

    B. Special Acupoints 15

    Methods to Locate the Points 24

    A. The Acupuncture Unit of Measurement of the Body 24

    B. Proportional Measurement 24

    C. Anatomic Landmarks 26

    D. Tail Vertebral or Last Rib Cun Measurement 26

    E. Finger Cun Measurement 26

    3 Equine Transpositional Acupoints 27
    Huisheng Xie and Lisa Trevisanello

    Lung Channel 27

    Large Intestine Channel 29

    Stomach Channel 34

    Spleen Channel 41

    Heart Channel 46

    Small Intestine Channel 48

    Bladder Channel 53

    Kidney Channel 60

    Pericardium Channel 64

    Triple Heater Channel 66

    Gallbladder Channel 70

    Liver Channel 75

    Governing Vessel Channel 78

    Conception Vessel Channel 82

    4 Equine Classical Acupoints 89
    Huisheng Xie and Kosei Yamagiwa

    Head Regions 89

    Trunk and Tail Regions 95

    Thoracic Limb Regions 104

    Pelvic Limb Regions 110

    Extra Points 117

    Ear Points 123

    Acupuncture Analgesia Points 126

    5 Canine Transpositional Acupoints 129
    Cheryl Chrisman and Huisheng Xie

    Lung Channel 134

    Large Intestine Channel 137

    Stomach Channel 141

    Spleen Channel 149

    Heart Channel 154

    Small Intestine Channel 156

    Bladder Channel 160

    Kidney Channel 169

    Pericardium Channel 174

    Triple Heater Channel 176

    Gallbladder Channel 182

    Liver Channel 190

    Governing Vessel Channel 194

    Conception Vessel Channel 200

    Overview of the Most Commonly Used Transpositional Acupoints 204

    6 Canine Classical Acupoints 217
    Cheryl Chrisman and Huisheng Xie

    Head and Neck Regions 217

    Trunk and Tail Regions 222

    Thoracic Limbs 228

    Pelvic Limbs 232

    7 General Rules of Acupuncture Therapy 235
    Huisheng Xie and Vanessa Preast

    Six Basic Acupuncture Methods 235

    A. Tonifying and Reducing Methods 235

    B. Warming and Cooling Methods 237

    C. Ascending and Descending Method 237

    Five General Principles to Select Acupuncture Points 238

    A. Selection of Local Points 238

    B. Selection of Distant Points 238

    C. Selection of Symptomatic Points 238

    D. Selection of Balance Points 238

    E. Selection of Special Points 239

    Eight Methods for Deficiency Pattern 239

    A. General Tonic Points 240

    B. Source (Yuan) Point 240

    C. Influential Point 240

    D. Back-shu Association Points or Front-mu Alarm Points 240

    E. Mother Point on That Channel 241

    F. Five Levels of Five-Shu Points 241

    G. Hind Limb Yin Channel He-Sea Points 241

    H. Four-Point Techniques 241

    Eight Methods for Excess 242

    A. Local Points 242

    B. Master Points 242

    C. Influential Points 243

    D. Back-shu Associate Points or Front-mu Alarm Points 243

    E. Energetic Points 243

    F. Five Levels of Five-Shu Points 243

    G. The Child Point 243

    H. Other Eight Methods 243

    Number of Points Selected 244

    Duration of Acupuncture Treatment 244

    Frequency of Acupuncture Treatment Sessions 245

    Preparation for Acupuncture 245

    Precautions and Contraindications 245

    Management of Possible Accidents 246

    A. Stuck Needle 246

    B. Broken Needle 246

    C. Swallowed Needle 246

    D. Hematoma 246

    8 Acupuncture for Treatment of Musculoskeletal and Neurological Disorders 247
    Huisheng Xie and Vanessa Preast

    Bi Syndrome 247

    Facial Paralysis 251

    Shoulder Pain 252

    Scapula-Chest Pain (Jia-qi Pain) 253

    Elbow Pain 253

    Paralysis of the Radial Nerve 254

    Carpal Pain 254

    Bucked Shins 254

    Splints 255

    Tendon and Ligament Problems 256

    Fetlock and Pastern Pain 256

    Heel and Hoof Pain 257

    Hip Pain 258

    Sciatic and Femoral Nerve Paralysis 259

    Stifle Pain 259

    Hock Pain 260

    Cervical Bi Syndrome and Wobbler’s Syndrome 260

    Equine Protozoal Myeloencephalitis (EPM) 261

    Lyme Disease 262

    Laryngeal Paralysis or Hemiplegia 262

    Tying up (Exertional Rhabdomyolysis) 262

    Anhidrosis 263

    Seizures 263

    9 Acupuncture for Internal Medicine 267
    Huisheng Xie

    Common Cold (Shang-feng) 267

    Cough (Ke-Sou Syndrome) 267

    Dyspnea and Asthma (Chuan zheng) 270

    Nasal Congestion and Discharge 272

    Anorexia Syndrome 274

    Vomiting 276

    Diarrhea 279

    Abdominal Pain (Colic) 283

    Impaction and Constipation (Jie Zheng) 285

    Jaundice Syndrome (Huang-dan) 286

    Wei Syndrome 287

    Shen Disturbance 290

    Heart Failure 292

    Edema Syndrome 295

    Renal Failure 296

    Lin Syndrome 298

    Infertility 300

    Diabetes 302

    Cushing’s Disease 304

    Hypothyroidism 306

    Hyperthyroidism 307

    10 Acupuncture for Acute and Miscellaneous Conditions 309
    Huisheng Xie

    Syncope and Collapse 309

    High Fever 309

    Hemorrhage 311

    Eye Problems 312

    Otitis 314

    Stomatitis and Gingivitis 314

    Excessive Salivation 315

    Pruritus and Skin Allergy 316

    Urticaria 318

    Sores and Open Wounds 319

    Burns 319

    Prolapse 320

    Heatstroke and Sunstroke 321

    Meningitis and Encephalitis 321

    Hydrocephalus 322

    Diaphragm Spasm (Thumps) 322

    Vaginitis and Metritis 323

    Edema During Pregnancy 324

    Fetus Restlessness 324

    Prevention of Abortion 325

    Retained Placenta 325

    Agalactia (Lack of Milk) 325

    Mastitis 326

    Poisonings 326

    Obesity 327

    Poor Performance 327

    Aging and Senility 327

    11 Techniques of Veterinary Acupuncture and Moxibustion 329
    Bruce Ferguson

    Types and Sizes of Acupuncture Needles 329

    Finding Effective Acupuncture Points 330

    Techniques for Needle Insertion 330

    Arrival of Qi 332

    Types and Techniques of Acupuncture 332

    Methods of Stimulating Acupuncture Points 333

    Dry Needle Acupuncture 333

    Hemoacupuncture 333

    Aquapuncture 333

    Pneumoacupuncture 333

    Moxibustion 334

    Acupuncture Effect with Electrical Devices 334

    Material Implants 335

    Acupuncture Needle Mishaps 335

    Specialized Dry Needle Techniques 336

    Scalp Acupuncture 336

    Auriculotherapy 336

    Tips for the Acupuncturist 336

    Qi-gong Exercises 336

    Position of Acupuncturist 336

    Position of Patient 337

    Caretaker Interference 337

    Important Species-Specific Notes 337

    12 Functional Neuroanatomical Physiology of Acupuncture 341
    Roger M. Clemmons

    Historical Evolution of Modern Acupuncture 341

    Recent Advances in Acupuncture Neurophysiology 343

    Local Effects of Acupuncture 344

    Segmental and Super-Segmental Responses to 344


    Conclusion 346

    Index 349

  • Huisheng Xie received his DVM at the Sichuan College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine in Sichuan, China. He was an assistant and staff veterinarian in the College of Veterinary Medicine of the Beijing Agricultural University. After receiving his master of veterinary science in veterinary acupuncture, he was assistant and associate professor in the Beijing Agricultural University College of Veterinary Medicine. He received advanced training in human acupuncture at the Beijing College of Traditional Chinese Medicine and the National Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, and later earned his PhD from the University of Florida for investigation of the mechanisms of pain control in horses using acupuncture. Currently, he is clinical assistant professor and director of the acupuncture internship training program in the College of Veterinary Medicine at the University of Florida. Dr. Xie is founder of the Chi Institute in Reddick, Florida, which trains veterinarians in Chinese acupuncture and herbal medicine (www.tcvm.com). He has received achievement awards from the Ministry of Agriculture, the National Science and Technology Committee, the Beijing Agricultural University, Nihon University (Japan), University of Mexico (Mexico), and China National Society of TCVM. He speaks internationally on veterinary acupuncture and herbal medicine, and is the author of numerous books and papers. His textbooks include Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine and Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 1, Fundamental Principles.

    Vanessa Preast received her DVM from the University of Florida in 2000. As a graduate of the Chi Institute, she became certified in small animal acupuncture. She incorporated acupuncture into her practice of small animal medicine and surgery. Currently, she is a doctoral student in teaching and learning. She coauthored and edited Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine and Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine, Vol.1, Fundamental Principles.